Unfortunately, historically GCC used to have a number of bugs in its encoding code. The NeXT runtime expects GCC to emit type encodings in this historical format (compatible with GCC-3.3), so when using the NeXT runtime, GCC will introduce on purpose a number of incorrect encodings:
enums are always encoded as 'i' (int) even if they are actually unsigned or long.
In addition to that, the NeXT runtime uses a different encoding for bitfields. It encodes them as
followed by the size, without a bit offset or the underlying field type.