The Motorola 68HC11 and 68HC12 version of
as have a few machine dependent options.
This option switches the assembler into the M68HC11 mode. In this mode, the assembler only accepts 68HC11 operands and mnemonics. It produces code for the 68HC11.
This option switches the assembler into the M68HC12 mode. In this mode, the assembler also accepts 68HC12 operands and mnemonics. It produces code for the 68HC12. A few 68HC11 instructions are replaced by some 68HC12 instructions as recommended by Motorola specifications.
This option switches the assembler into the M68HCS12 mode. This mode is similar to -m68hc12 but specifies to assemble for the 68HCS12 series. The only difference is on the assembling of the movb and movw instruction when a PC-relative operand is used.
This option switches the assembler into the M9S12X mode. This mode is similar to -m68hc12 but specifies to assemble for the S12X series which is a superset of the HCS12.
This option switches the assembler into the XGATE mode for the RISC co-processor featured on some S12X-family chips.
This option instructs the linker to offset RAM addresses from S12X address space into XGATE address space.
This option controls the ABI and indicates to use a 16-bit integer ABI. It has no effect on the assembled instructions. This is the default.
This option controls the ABI and indicates to use a 32-bit integer ABI.
This option controls the ABI and indicates to use a 32-bit float ABI. This is the default.
This option controls the ABI and indicates to use a 64-bit float ABI.
You can use the --strict-direct-mode option to disable the automatic translation of direct page mode addressing into extended mode when the instruction does not support direct mode. For example, the clr instruction does not support direct page mode addressing. When it is used with the direct page mode,
as will ignore it and generate an absolute addressing. This option prevents
as from doing this, and the wrong usage of the direct page mode will raise an error.
The --short-branches option turns off the translation of relative branches into absolute branches when the branch offset is out of range. By default
as transforms the relative branch (bsr, bgt, bge, beq, bne, ble, blt, bhi, bcc, bls, bcs, bmi, bvs, bvs, bra) into an absolute branch when the offset is out of the -128 .. 127 range. In that case, the bsr instruction is translated into a jsr, the bra instruction is translated into a jmp and the conditional branches instructions are inverted and followed by a jmp. This option disables these translations and
as will generate an error if a relative branch is out of range. This option does not affect the optimization
associated to the jbra, jbsr and jbXX pseudo opcodes.
The --force-long-branches option forces the translation of relative branches into absolute branches. This option does not affect the optimization associated to the jbra, jbsr and jbXX pseudo opcodes.
You can use the --print-insn-syntax option to obtain the syntax description of the instruction when an error is detected.
The --print-opcodes option prints the list of all the instructions with their syntax. The first item of each line represents the instruction name and the rest of the line indicates the possible operands for that instruction. The list is printed in alphabetical order. Once the list is printed
The --generate-example option is similar to --print-opcodes but it generates an example for each instruction instead.