c++filt [ -_ | --strip-underscore ] [ -n | --no-strip-underscore ] [ -p | --no-params ] [ -t | --types ] [ -i | --no-verbose ] [ -r | --no-recurse-limit ] [ -R | --recurse-limit ] [ -s format | --format= format ] [ --help ] [ --version ] [symbol ...]
The C++ and Java languages provide function overloading, which means that you can write many functions with the same name, providing that each function takes parameters of different types. In order to be able to distinguish these similarly named functions C++ and Java encode them into a low-level assembler name which uniquely identifies each different version. This process is known as mangling . The c++filt 1 program does the inverse mapping: it decodes (demangles ) low-level names into user-level names so that they can be read.
Every alphanumeric word (consisting of letters, digits, underscores, dollars, or periods) seen in the input is a potential mangled name. If the name decodes into a C++ name, the C++ name replaces the low-level name in the output, otherwise the original word is output. In this way you can pass an entire assembler source file, containing mangled names, through c++filt and see the same source file containing demangled names.
You can also use c++filt to decipher individual symbols by passing them on the command line:
If no symbol arguments are given, c++filt reads symbol names from the standard input instead. All the results are printed on the standard output. The difference between reading names from the command line versus reading names from the standard input is that command-line arguments are expected to be just mangled names and no checking is performed to separate them from surrounding text. Thus for example:
c++filt -n _Z1fv
will work and demangle the name to “f()” whereas:
c++filt -n _Z1fv,
will not work. (Note the extra comma at the end of the mangled name which makes it invalid). This command however will work:
echo _Z1fv, | c++filt -n
and will display “f(),”, i.e., the demangled name followed by a trailing comma. This behaviour is because when the names are read from the standard input it is expected that they might be part of an assembler source file where there might be extra, extraneous characters trailing after a mangled name. For example:
.type _Z1fv, @function
foogets the low-level name
_foo. This option removes the initial underscore. Whether c++filt removes the underscore by default is target dependent.
The default is for this limit to be enabled, but disabling it may be necessary in order to demangle truly complicated names. Note however that if the recursion limit is disabled then stack exhaustion is possible and any bug reports about such an event will be rejected.
option is a synonym for the
option is a synonym for the
Warning: c++filt is a new utility, and the details of its user interface are subject to change in future releases. In particular, a command-line option may be required in the future to decode a name passed as an argument on the command line; in other words,c++filt symbol
may in a future release becomec++filt option symbol
[1 ] MS-DOS does not allow + characters in file names, so on MS-DOS this program is named CXXFILT .